On the lumpenproletariat

An historical reconstruction and a conceptual critique The concept of the “lumpenproletariat” sits uneasily within Marxian class analysis. It is an unstable, even incoherent category, not only in terms of its theorization but at the level of social reality itself. Nowhere did Marx or Engels or their successors provide a rigorous or exhaustive account of … More On the lumpenproletariat

Remembering Karl Liebknecht

An introduction to “Socialism’s Foreign Policy” Karl Liebknecht was not a great theorist. Unlike Rosa Luxemburg, with whose name he will be forever linked, he wrote no major treatises on forms of protest or political economy (and even had his doubts about the labor theory of value).1 Nor was he a skillful politician. Before the … More Remembering Karl Liebknecht